The Benefits of Cataract Surgery

Why Cataract Surgery is Needed

When cataracts first start out, they do not get vision as blurry as when a person has had them for a very long time. People with cataracts need to read in good lighting, for example, because cataract surgery means that the lens has to be replaced with glass, artificial lens so that vision can continue to be a guiding sense. There is new technology out that can help cataracts improve given that the individual receives the surgery. Small eyes versus big eyes have unique criteria when it comes to their surgical options. The procedure is called intraocular lens implant surgery, which is a very commonly done surgery, performed safely around the world.

Cataract Surgery

Traditional cataract surgery, however, does not use stitches but the eyes’ internal pressure in order to keep the incision closed tight. Weak eyes have differences in their length, causing a larger refractive shift than in normal eyes. Surgeons have to take care of their surgical craft in a small eye, because either small or large eyes require a new prescription, 14 days after surgery. There is now the option of laser cataract surgery, where the incision is created that reduces astigmatism up to 10xs more precise than manual techniques that have been perfected at cataract surgery in Michigan. Laser surgery is a big advancement compared to older methods.

Different Types of Eyes Require Different Types of Lenses

Long eyes are greater than 26 mm and have unique consideration as much as the next short eye does. A long eye requires a peripheral retinal exam that is necessary to detect pathology because a surgeon has to consult with a retina specialist to determine the findings. If axial length (the distance between the cornea and the fovea), increases, the eye measurements become less reliable. The fovea is in a tiny pit, a part of the retina where the layers spread aside to let light fall on the cones, the cells that give the sharpest image of sight. Cataracts do cause blurry vision but waiting for cataract surgery in Michigan will not harm your eye at all.

Considering Surgery

When considering cataract surgery, there are things to keep in mind, such as whether or not you can see well safely to do your job or to watch television. Is doing typical household tasks like cooking, shopping or do yard work something that takes more time than usual? If bright lights make it more difficult to see, then it might be time for cataract surgery. The risks of cataract surgery include inflammation, infection, bleeding, swelling, drooping eyelid, dislocation of artificial lens, retinal detachment, glaucoma, secondary cataract, and some loss of vision. Risks compound if another eye disease is present while a patient is waiting for cataract surgery. Tests include an eye ultrasound, to measure the size and shape of your eye, and stopping certain kinds of medications if that puts you at risk for difficult eye surgery.

How to Reduce the Risk of Infection

Eye drops reduce infection risk with regular use. Surgery requires fasting, as you may be instructed not to eat or drink anything 12 hours before the surgery. You cannot drive after surgery so you have to arrange for a ride home afterward. Cataract surgery means that you will be given an intraocular lens (IOL) because the lenses improve vision by focusing on the light in the back of your eye. There are a few different types of ocular lenses that you and your doctor will discuss prior to surgery. Many are flexible because they provide a small incision requiring few or no stitches.

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